How the recall works and what was at stake:
California is one of 19 states where citizens can impeach their elected officials if they are unsatisfied with their state’s course.
The last time Californians recalled a governor was in 2003, when former Gov. Gray Davis was defeated by actor Arnold Schwarzenegger. The election was dominated by issues such as the energy crisis and rolling blackouts, a contentious auto tax, and a weak economy following the dot-com bust.
This time, Republican activists sought Newsom’s recall primarily because of their dissatisfaction with his management of the COVID-19 pandemic and frustration with the administration’s COVID-19 restrictions. Other factors that define the recall include rising housing costs, which are fuelling homelessness in the state, and extreme weather disasters like as wildfires.
On the ballot, Californians were asked whether or not to recall Newsom (a simple yes or no), and if so, who should replace him. The first question failed to receive a simple “yes” majority, therefore removing Newsom from office. On the second question, the winner might have won with a plurality of the vote rather than a majority.
If Newsom is recalled, there were 46 people in the contest, down from the 135 who tried to succeed Davis in 2003.
The main Republican contender to follow Newsom was Larry Elder, a talk show broadcaster with a tumultuous personal history and a habit of making provocative comments on the air. He beat other alternative candidates by double digits in polling averages from FiveThirtyEight.
Other Republicans running in the recall election were former San Diego Mayor Kevin Faulconer and 2018 GOP governor candidate John Cox. Neither the California Republican Party nor the national Republican Party, on the other hand, had attempted to coalesce behind a single candidate.
Caitlyn Jenner, a reality TV celebrity and former Olympian, YouTuber Kevin Paffrath, and a slew of other small candidates also ran in the recall election.
Unlike in 2003, when Davis’ lieutenant governor ran as a “insurance policy” on the second ballot, Democrats did not field a substitute candidate, instead asking supporters to vote “no” on question one and leave question two blank.