Everything you need to know about birth control

Control over when and if a lady will get pregnant is essential for her bodily and psychological nicely being. According to the most recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics, nearly 65 p.c of 72.2 million U.S. women aged 15 to 49 used contraception between 2015 and 2017.

The commonest methods had been female sterilization (18.6 p.c), oral contraceptive capsule (12.6 p.c), long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) (10.3 p.c) and the male condom (8.7 p.c).

Selecting a birth control approach is a personalised choice and dedication. It’s a selection that wants to be made collectively together with your nicely being care provider and companion. Remember that an undesirable being pregnant can occur any time you have unprotected intercourse.

Here is an overview of accessible birth control selections on the market. (Sources embody the Cleveland Clinic, Mayo Clinic and the Women’s Health Office of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services):


Both feminine and male condoms might be utilized to cease being pregnant. The male condom is often product of latex or plastic and creates a barrier so the semen would not enter the girl’s vagina. The female condom is a lubricated tube with a flexible ring at each end with the identical objective.


Another birth control chance is the small, donut-shaped sponge which is coated with spermicide and inserted into the vagina. The diaphragm, a small, reusable rubber or silicone cup, and the cervical cap ought to even be used with spermicide. The cervical cap requires a cushty match over the cervix so it needs to be custom-fitted by a nicely being care provider all through a pelvic examination.


When positioned subsequent to the cervix, spermicides not solely block the sperm from coming into the cervix, as well as they paralyze or kill that sperm. Spermicides can be found foams, jellies and suppositories, and might be discovered at many drug outlets.


Women even have the selection of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) similar to the IUD (intrauterine gadget) or implants. The IUD (Mirena, ParaGard, Skyla) is a small T-shaped gadget product of plastic which may be positioned inside the uterus for up to 5 to 10 years counting on the form of IUD chosen. Other varieties embody a hormonal implant (Nexplanon)  inserted beneath the pores and pores and skin of the upper arm by a health care provider and a contraceptive injection (Depo-Provera).


Depending on a lady’s need, she can be in a position to take a prescription birth control capsule that additionally permits her to menstruate every month or one which reduces the frequency of her durations. It is 99 p.c environment friendly, if used appropriately. Mini capsules that comprise solely progestin are a every day chance for breastfeeding mothers and women who can’t take estrogen. They are about 95 p.c environment friendly.


Both ladies and men can choose to be fully sterilized. For women, this means tubal ligation surgical process to burn or seal shut the fallopian tubes. For males, a vasectomy contains slicing and sealing the vas deferens.


Emergency contraception, or the “morning-after pill,” could also be taken by a lady after unprotected intercourse to cease being pregnant. You have to use it inside 120 hours or 5 days for it to be environment friendly. One frequent mannequin requires two doses of hormones taken 12 hours apart.


No birth control is 100 p.c environment friendly so one of many easiest methods to defend your self from an undesirable being pregnant is to abstain from intercourse. Only you can decide when you are ready to be sexual energetic.

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