Should you’ve ever suffered from mononucleosis (generally generally known as mono), you understand how disagreeable it may be. Generally referred to as “the kissing illness,” the mono virus is transmitted by saliva and causes excessive fatigue, sore throat, fever, headache and a pores and skin rash.
Mono really originates from the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and now a brand new examine has proven that it’s linked to seven different main illnesses: systemic lupus erythematosus, a number of sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, inflammatory bowel illness, celiac illness and sort 1 diabetes. Mixed, these illnesses have an effect on almost eight million individuals in the US.
The examine was performed by scientists at Cincinnati Youngsters’s Hospital Medical Heart and printed within the journal Nature Genetics. Dr. John Harley, director of the Heart for Autoimmune Genomics and Etiology (CAGE) at Cincinnati Youngsters’s and a school member of the Cincinnati VA Medical Heart, led the examine.
“Now, utilizing genomic strategies that weren’t obtainable 10 years in the past, it seems that elements made by the virus work together with human DNA within the locations the place the genetic threat of illness is elevated,” Harley advised Science Every day. “And never only for lupus, however all these different illnesses, too.”
The EBV virus is extraordinarily widespread, and as soon as an individual is contaminated, the virus stays with them for his or her whole life. To this point, no vaccine exits to forestall the virus, however scientists are hopeful that their findings will result in extra research that would lead to prevention strategies and therapies sooner or later.
The scientists additionally consider the impression of the hyperlink will range throughout the completely different illnesses. For instance, the virus may very well be linked to a big proportion of circumstances of lupus and MS. Their examine additionally has implications past the seven new illnesses linked to EBV.
“Our examine has uncovered potential leads for a lot of different illnesses, together with breast most cancers,” Harley mentioned. “We can not probably comply with up on all of those, however we hope that different scientists will.”
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